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The soils of our vineyards are characterized by the so-called "Sandstones of Caiazzo," geological formations of Miocene Tortonian origin, dating back to a period between 7 and 5 million years ago. In that period, the hydrogeological structure was totally different from today and the Atlas Mountains of Matese were entirely covered by a tropical sea with warm, shallow waters. Therefore, in our vineyards we found traces of fossils (mollusks with rocks), and this explains the massive presence of sands that are mixed with clay and volcanic debris. Shoals of gray tuff alternate with thin marly clays and silty banks. Additionally, the strong presence of stones and ash residue in the soil is instead due to its proximity to the extinct volcano of Roccamonfina, about twenty kilometers by air, and Mount Vesuvius, only thirty kilometers away.